Surveillance cameras are a vital component of a home security system. While most cameras are easy to install, it is where you place them that determines their effectiveness. Poor positioning means that the cameras cannot serve their intended purpose.
Here are some tips on how to install your cameras for optimal operation.
Before you start the installation process, you need to plan. Planning makes sure that your security system fits your needs. You should conduct a security risk assessment test before you purchase a security system to identify the vulnerable areas in your home.
The results of your security evaluation tell you the size and type of security that your home needs. You will know whether to choose wireless or hardwired cameras, as well as the number of cameras you need.
During the planning phase, you also decide the type of cabling you need to interconnect your cameras. Most systems use coaxial cables, which usually produce poor image quality if the wiring exceeds 300 meters. Ethernet cables are the better option if you want consistent, high-quality images.
Where to Install Security Cameras
The best placement of security cameras depends on your home. That said, some universal pointers apply to everybody. As mentioned earlier, a poorly-positioned camera is useless.
The primary consideration factor when placing a security camera is the area of interest. You should use your security risk assessment as a guideline when choosing where to place your cameras.
Your camera should face a downward angle to capture the widest possible area. In some cases, you might need multiple cameras to cover a wide field of view.
It is essential to have at least one camera monitoring the primary entry points in your home. These include the front door and the backdoor. If some of your windows have ground floor access, you should also install a camera on them.
Other areas that require a camera include the gate to your home and the garage, especially if it is next to the main house.
How to Install Outdoor Security Cameras
Here are the practices you should observe when installing security cameras outside your house.
Avoid Direct Light
You should ensure that your camera points away from light sources, such as the sun and artificial light fixtures. Backlighting affects the quality of the footage captured by a camera.
Make It Visible
One of the most significant advantages of security cameras is serving as a crime deterrent. Intruders are less likely to break into your home when they see a security camera. For this reason, you should install it in a conspicuous location.
The Camera Should be Out of Reach
Criminals can easily vandalize cameras if they are easy to reach. Make sure that the camera at a high pint to prevent vandalism. However, you should note that too much height can hurt the quality of the images.
Observe Privacy Laws
You should have a clear understanding of local privacy laws before installing security cameras. Pointing surveillance cameras to other people’s property is an invasion of privacy.
Check the Strength of the Wireless Connection
If you are installing wireless cameras, you need to confirm the strength of the wireless signal. A security camera that is outside the range of your Wi-Fi network is ineffective. You can boost the strength and range of your signals by installing a repeater.
Outdoor cameras have to withstand elements of weather such as rain and wind. Make sure that you mount your camera firmly such that they are not vulnerable to strong winds.
Security cameras are a critical installation for every home. They watch over your property during the night and when you are away. A working home security system with functional cameras gives the homeowner peace of mind.
When installing cameras, make sure that they face downwards to maximize the field of view. In corners, you might need to install multiple cameras.
If you are installing outdoor cameras, make sure that they are visible but out of reach. Mount them firmly so that they withstand the elements of weather. You should also ensure that they do not infringe on the privacy of others.’
The most crucial stage of installing security cameras is planning. If you are unable to do it yourself, do not hesitate to seek professional assistance.