The Internet of Things or IoT platform (Internet of Things) is a technological concept based on a network of physical objects interacting with an external environment and other devices, bypassing a human. One of the founders and ideologists of the Internet of Things was John Romky, who was able to connect his toaster to the Internet back in 1990. However, the mass implementation of the Internet of things began only in 2008, and at that time more than 6 billion devices with Internet access were already registered.
In simple words, the Internet of things is not a messy bunch of sensors and cameras connected via wireless networks, it is a close union of the real world and the virtual, where interaction between devices connected to the Internet and people appears.
What Internet of Things technologies are already in use now?
Here are some examples of what devices are used for the Internet of Things:
- Wearable electronics
- Personal assistants
- Smart farms
- Smart lighting
- “Smart” air conditioners and heaters
Let’s take a look at some of the use cases more closely.
With the development of information technology, the growth of the Internet of things was only a matter of time. After all, if you think about why should you switch TV channels with your bare hands, while you can ask a voice assistant to turn on the desired channel or show instead. Why make coffee yourself if the coffee machine does it for you, after the tap on the smartphone screen?
More and more electronics manufacturers are implementing IoT technology into their products, and it is already becoming difficult to find a TV without the ability to connect to the World Wide Web. And users have to get used to these changes since this technology is the key to the desired and awaited future.
Already, everyone can buy a home alarm with remote on/off function, light bulbs, air conditioners with similar functionality, smart refrigerators, climate systems with Internet access and much more. Owners of such devices have greatly simplified their lives because they can brew coffee and warm up the car without even getting out of bed, control the climate system and much more. However, the Internet of things can be effectively used not only at home. A variety of wearable sensors and smartwatches allow you to monitor human health, make wireless payments and online payments, park and heat cars, etc.
Internet of things in other areas
Less and less routine work is done by man, thanks to automation and smart devices. Such devices in fully automatic mode regulate car traffic, monitor the weather, the movement of supplies, passenger traffic, control industrial processes. In many areas of life, IoT platform based devices significantly increase efficiency and reduce the risks based on the human factor.
For example, in the household industry, such devices automatically collect indicators of electricity, water, and other things. The data goes directly to the “cloud”, so the operator can control the data for an individual apartment, house or district. Utility bills can be issued even without inspectors. This system successfully works in many European countries, and more than once has shown its effectiveness, significantly saving finances and people’s valuable time.
In the agricultural sector, sensors are actively used to configure automatic irrigation systems, systems for monitoring of soil and crops. Such sensors, assigned to a specific area or even plants, send information to the server all day long, which after processing sends information in an understandable form to the users’ screen.
Undoubtedly, the most basic and widely available examples of the use of the Internet of things have been named, but not in all areas the application of this technology will be appropriate. The problem includes the lack of speed in data transmission, the security flaws of such connections and the devices themselves. However, with the future implementation of fifth-generation networks, these issues will be resolved.
A look into the future.
More and more “Internet of Things platform” supported devices will appear with the development of this technology, from new smart speakers to remote-controlled irons, smart motion sensors and air purification systems. For example, the door to the house will be opened and closed from the phone, the vacuum cleaner will beep if an important object gets into it, and the window will open when the discharged drone returns. The fridge itself will order grocery delivery from the store, and the coffee maker will select and brew perfect coffee based on the quality of your sleep.
All this will become available in the near future, because nowadays on the market there is no single centralized smart home system. It is sometimes difficult for different manufacturers to configure the interaction of their devices with devices of other companies.
All these examples are just the tip of the iceberg. Analysts predict the imminent implementation into the human body of various sensors to monitor the state of health, communication interfaces and other things. Real cyber-future for humans. A world in which everything is interconnected and everything works for the benefit of man. This utopia will be possible only with the Internet of Things.